About Chesapeake

About Chesapeake 2017-10-18T21:26:32+00:00

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Chesapeake is a diverse city in which a few urban areas are located; it also has many square miles of protected farmland, forests, and wetlands, including a substantial portion of the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. Extending from the rural border with North Carolina to the harbor area of Hampton Roads adjacent to the cities of Norfolk, Portsmouth, Suffolk, and Virginia Beach, Chesapeake is located on the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway. It has miles of waterfront industrial, commercial and residential property.

In 2011, Chesapeake was named the 21st best city in America by Bloomberg Businessweek.

History

In 1963, the new independent city of Chesapeake was created when the former independent city of South Norfolk consolidated with Norfolk County. The consolidation was approved and the new name selected by the voters of each community by referendum, and authorized by the Virginia General Assembly.

Formed in 1691 in the Virginia Colony, Norfolk County had originally included essentially all the area which became the towns and later cities of Norfolk, Portsmouth, and South Norfolk. Its area was reduced after 1871 as these cities added territory through annexations. Becoming an independent city was a method for the former county to stabilize borders with neighbors, as cities could not annex territory from each other.

The relatively small city of South Norfolk had become an incorporated town within Norfolk County in 1919, and became an independent city in 1922. Its residents wanted to make a change to put their jurisdiction on a more equal footing in other aspects with the much larger cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth. In addition, by the late 1950s, although immune from annexation by the bigger cities, South Norfolk was close to losing all the county land adjoining it to the city of Norfolk in another annexation suit.

The consolidation that resulted in the city of Chesapeake was part of a wave of changes in the structure of local government in southeastern Virginia which took place between 1952 and 1975.

Until the late 1980s and early 1990s, much of Chesapeake was either suburban or rural, serving as a bedroom community of the adjacent cities of Norfolk and Virginia Beach with residents commuting to these locations. Beginning in the late 1980s and accelerating in the 1990s, however, Chesapeake saw significant growth, attracting numerous and significant industries and businesses of its own. This explosive growth quickly led to strains on the municipal infrastructure, ranging from intrusion of saltwater into the city’s water supply to congested roads and schools.

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Adjacent Counties and Cities

  • Portsmouth, Virginia (north)
  • Norfolk, Virginia (north)
  • Virginia Beach, Virginia (east)
  • Currituck County, North Carolina (south)
  • Camden County, North Carolina (south)
  • Suffolk, Virginia (west)

Communities

Chesapeake is formally divided politically into six boroughs: South Norfolk, Pleasant Grove, Butts Road, Deep Creek, Washington, and Western Branch.[7]

Of the current boroughs, one, South Norfolk, was formerly a separate incorporated town and independent city for much of the 20th century. Within the other boroughs, a number of communities also developed. Some of these include:

  • Benefit (Pleasant Grove Borough)
  • Bower’s Hill (notable as a major highway junction)
  • Buell
  • Camelot (Western Branch Borough)
  • Crestwood (Washington Borough)
  • Deep Creek (Deep Creek Borough)
  • Eva Gardens (Crestwood community, Washington Borough)
  • Fentress (Butts Road Borough)
  • Gertie
  • Gilmerton
  • Grassfield (Deep Creek Borough)
  • Great Bridge
  • Greenbrier (Washington Borough)
  • Hickory (Pleasant Grove Borough)
  • Hodges Ferry
  • Indian River (Washington Borough)
  • Mount Pleasant (Pleasant Grove Borough)
  • Northwest
  • Oak Grove
  • Oaklette
  • Portlock
  • South Norfolk (South Norfolk Borough)
  • Wallaceton

Economy

Top employers

According to Chesapeake’s 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Chesapeake City Public Schools 5,726
2 City of Chesapeake 3,167
3 Chesapeake Regional Medical Center 2,400
4 LTD Hospitality Group 2,185
5 Sentara Healthcare 1,400
6 QVC 1,276
7 HSBC Finance 1,200
8 Cox Communications 800
9 Hewlett-Packard 800
10 Reliance Staffing 700
11 Lifetouch 665
12 Dollar Tree 660
13 Damco 637
14 General Dynamics Information Technology 600
15 Canon Information Technology Service 572
16 First Data 500

Restaurants

If you’re looking for restaurants in Chesapeake, you wont have to look too far. From Mom and Pops to Five Stars, Chesapeake aims to please! Check out our top ten faves.

  1. Big Woody’s Bar and Grill – Located on the canal just North of the draw bridge, Big Woody’s offers your typical bar food and heaping helping of entertainment.
  2. Passion the Restaurant – With an award winning chef and attentive waitstaff, Passion is one of the best kept secrets of the entire Hampton Roads area.
  3. Pop’s Diner Co. – A diner started with their “Pops” in mind, two brothers set out to provide good ol’ home cooking. Great for the whole family!
  4. Wickers Crab Pot – In the seafood industry for over 60 years, Wickers atmosphere and menu shows that their heritage is a way of life.
  5. The Egg Bistro – Two Dave Matthews followers decided to revolutionize breakfast food in the area. One of THE best places to go for brunch!
  6. Alkalicious Cold Pressed Juice Bar – With all certified organic produce, they are determined to help you create an alkaline environment for optimal health
  7. Redbones Bar & Grill – Known mostly as a bar, most people are surprised at the caliber of the entrees served and the daily specials.
  8. Mission BBQ – Created with a mission to serve the people who serve us with meaning and purpose, they not only serve great BBQ, they give back to the community.
  9. The Butchers Son – Combining all the styles of steakhouses from across the United States, you can get a great steak and more at both locations.
  10. Vino Italian + Bistro – Mediterranean inspired and locally sourced when possible, they are always serving excellent creative dishes.

Moving? Get a free online estimate here

Because A Friendly & Affordable Mover is owner-operated, you can rest-assured that we will handle your belongings with care. Every move, regardless of size, receives our special attention. We provide confidential relocations and can accommodate most special needs.

 

Transportation

The Chesapeake and Albemarle Railroad is a shortline railroad in Chesapeake.

The growth of Chesapeake and its predecessors has been fueled by its location and transportation considerations. These continue to be major factors.

Funding for additional and replacement highways, bridges, and other transportation infrastructure is one of the major issues facing Chesapeake and much of the Hampton Roads region in the 21st century, as infrastructure originally built with toll revenues has aged without a source of funding to repair them or build replacements.

Toll Roads

Tolls in Chesapeake are currently limited to the Chesapeake Expressway , Veterans Bridge, and Jordan Bridge but new ones may be imposed on some existing facilities to help generate revenue for transportation projects in the region.

Airports

Chesapeake is served by the nearby Norfolk International Airport in the City of Norfolk with commercial airline passenger service.

Within the city limits, Chesapeake Regional Airport is a general aviation facility located just south of Great Bridge. Also within the city, is the Hampton Roads Executive Airport located near Bowers Hill and the Hampton Roads Beltway. This airport caters to private airplane owners and enthusiasts. South of there, NALF Fentress is facility of the U.S. Navy and is an auxiliary landing field which is part of the large facility at NAS Oceana in neighboring Virginia Beach.

River and Ports

The Intracoastal Waterway passes through Chesapeake. Chesapeake also has extensive frontage and port facilities on the navigable portions of the Western and Southern Branches of the Elizabeth River.

The Dismal Swamp Canal runs through Chesapeake as well. The site of this canal was surveyed by George Washington, among others, and is known as “Washington’s Ditch”. It is the oldest continuously used man made canal in the United States today and has been in service for over 230 years. The canal begins in the Deep Creek section of the city branching off from the Southern Branch of the Elizabeth River. The canal runs through Chesapeake paralleling U.S. Highway 17 into North Carolina and connects to Elizabeth City, North Carolina.

Rail

Chesapeake and Albemarle Railroad

Five railroads currently pass through portions of Chesapeake, and handle some intermodal traffic at port facilities on Hampton Roads and navigable portions of several of its tributary rivers. The two major Class 1 railroads are CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern, joined by three short line railroads.

Chesapeake is located on a potential line for high speed passenger rail service between Richmond and South Hampton Roads which is being studied by the Virginia Department of Rail and Public Transportation. A new suburban passenger station near Bowers Hill would potentially be included to supplement a terminal in downtown Norfolk.

 

Moving? Get a free online estimate here

Because A Friendly & Affordable Mover is owner-operated, you can rest-assured that we will handle your belongings with care. Every move, regardless of size, receives our special attention. We provide confidential relocations and can accommodate most special needs.

 

Highways

  •  I‑64 / I‑464 / I‑664 / US 13 / US 17 / US 58 / US 460 / SR 168

  •  Future I‑87

Chesapeake is served by U.S. Highways 13, 17, 58, and 460. Interstate 64, part of the Hampton Roads Beltway, crosses through the city, Interstate 464 is a spur which connects it with downtown Norfolk and Portsmouth at the Berkley Bridge, and Interstate 664, which completes the Interstate loop from the Western Branch section of Chesapeake through the city of Newport News and into the city of Hampton.

State Route 168 is also a major highway in the area. It includes the Chesapeake Expressway toll road.

Chesapeake is the only locality in the Hampton Roads area with a separate bridge division. The city’s Department of Public Works, Bridges and Structures division has 51 full-time workers. The city maintains 90 bridges and overpasses. Included are five movable span (draw) bridges which open an estimated 30,000 times a year for water vessels.[21]

North Carolina and Virginia have been looking to connect Raleigh, North Carolina and the Hampton Roads area. In mid-2016, AASHTO and the FHWA approved Interstate 87 for the route. Originally, Interstate 89 was proposed for the route if a north-south designation was chosen, and Interstate 44 if an east-west designation was chosen. These two proposed designations would not have been continuous with Interstate 89 in New Hampshire and Vermont, and Interstate 44 in Texas, Oklahoma, and Missouri.

Bridges

Major highway bridges in Chesapeake include Veterans Bridge, the Gilmerton Bridge, the Jordan Bridge, and the High Rise Bridge, all drawbridges crossing the Southern Branch Elizabeth River.

The Jordan Bridge was built in 1928 and operated with major weight restrictions. Motorists were charged a 75-cent toll that is used to pay for repairs. In 2008, the Jordan Bridge was closed for good. Replacing the bridge is now in progress with the center span having been removed. Construction is scheduled to begin Summer 2010 on a replacement bridge to be open by Fall of 2011. The new bridge is being privatlely funded just as the Jordon had been originally. Proposed tolls are in the 2 dollar range.

Although ten years newer, replacing the Gilmerton Bridge (built in 1938) on Military Highway is a more urgent need. A four-laned structure on a primary highway with much heavier traffic volume than the Jordan Bridge, the Gilmerton Bridge has suffered rust, cracked concrete and other problems. Much like the Jordan Bridge, the end of its useful life is also near. Replacing the Gilmerton Bridge has been a goal for Chesapeake for many years. In October, 2007, the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot reported that the city had accumulated $142 million in state and federal funding, enough to start building the replacement bridge some time in 2009.

Bus

Hampton Roads Transit buses serve the city of Chesapeake as well as other cities in the Hampton Roads Area.

 

Moving? Get a free online estimate here

Because A Friendly & Affordable Mover is owner-operated, you can rest-assured that we will handle your belongings with care. Every move, regardless of size, receives our special attention. We provide confidential relocations and can accommodate most special needs.

 

Utilities

Water and sewer services are provided by the city’s Department of Utilities. Chesapeake receives its electricity from Dominion Virginia Power which has local sources including the Chesapeake Energy Center (a coal-fired and gas power plant), coal-fired plants in the city and Southampton County, and the Surry Nuclear Power Plant. Norfolk headquartered Virginia Natural Gas, a subsidiary of AGL Resources, distributes natural gas to the city from storage plants in James City County and in the city.

The Virginia tidewater area has grown faster than the local freshwater supply. Chesapeake receives the majority of its water from the Northwest River in the southeastern part of the city. To deal with intermittent high salt content, Chesapeake implemented an advanced reverse osmosis system at its Northwest River water treatment plant in the late 1990s. The river water has always been salty, and the fresh groundwater is no longer available in most areas. Currently, additional freshwater for the South Hampton Roads area is pumped from Lake Gaston, about 80 miles (130 km) west, which straddles the Virginia-North Carolina border along with the Blackwater and Nottaway rivers. The pipeline is 76 miles (122 km) long and 60 inches (1,500 mm) in diameter. Much of its follows the former right-of-way of an abandoned portion of the Virginian Railway. It is capable of pumping 60 million US gallons (230,000 m3) of water per day. The cities of Chesapeake and Virginia Beach are partners in the project.

The city provides wastewater services for residents and transports wastewater to the regional Hampton Roads Sanitation District treatment plants. 

Explore where the wild things really are in the more than 112,000 acres of forested wetland and wilderness in Chesapeake’s Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. One of the best-preserved, natural spots on the east coast the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge is home to many mammal species, including black bears, bald eagles, tundra swans, snow geese and over 70 species of reptiles and amphibians.  Beautiful Lake Drummond – the second largest natural lake in Virginia – lies in the heart of the refuge with 3,100 acres of pristine dreamland for pleasure boats, kayaks and canoes.

Information provided by wikipedia.org. This page has been modified from the original.

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There are many beautiful and interesting facts about Chesapeake, and our locals are proud to share. If you’re thinking about moving to Chesapeake, A Friendly and Affordable Mover is here to help. Give us a call today to schedule your FREE in-home estimate. Did we mention we have won “Best of Hampton Roads” 13 years running!? Mention that when you schedule your appointment and receive $50 off your next move!! (some restrictions apply, not valid with any other offer).

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